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Abortion

The Penal Code of El Salvador, article 133, defines abortion as the act of intentionally ending the pregnancy. In addition, the Ministry of Health describes it as spontaneous or caused…
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July 25, 2022

Anencefalia

A serious birth defect occurs when the upper part of the neural tube does not close completely and therefore the fetus does not generate essential parts of the brain. It…
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July 25, 2022

Denial of pregnancy *

This situation occurs when the woman is not aware of her pregnancy and in many cases the pregnancy can come to term. In some cases, women have irregular menstruation, which…
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July 25, 2022
Uncategorized

Docimasia hidrostática

Prueba forense obsoleta e imprecisa que consiste en introducir en un recipiente con agua los pulmones y observar si estos flotan. Actualmente, no es utilizada para determinar el nacimiento en…
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July 25, 2022

Due process

A human right that must be present in every legal process, as it seeks to confirm the legality and correct application of the laws within a framework of respect for…
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July 25, 2022

Ectopic pregnancy

Occurs when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterine cavity. It occurs during 1-2% of pregnancies and is considered the main cause of fetal and maternal death in the first…
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July 25, 2022

Meconium

A thick, dark, viscous substance made up of dead cells and secretions that lines the newborn's intestine. https://bit.ly/3spOhO8
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July 25, 2022

Obstetric emergencies

Any situation or complication that is not considered within the normal course of a pregnancy can be classified as an obstetric emergency. These particular circumstances can seriously and irreversibly affect…
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July 18, 2022

Out of hospital delivery

An out-of-hospital birth is one that occurs without the assistance of medical personnel and outside a health center. This type of delivery increases the risks of maternal and perinatal health…
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July 18, 2022

Postpartum hemorrhage

Excessive bleeding after birth. Losing lots of blood quickly can cause a severe drop in blood pressure, which could lead to shock and death if not treated. https://journals.lww.com/jaapa/fulltext/2020/04000/postpartum_hemorrhage.4.aspx 
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July 25, 2022

Precipitous delivery

Labor lasts less than three hours between the first contraction and birth. As the delivery takes place in a short time, chances for complications increase for both the mother and…
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July 25, 2022

Preeclampsia

A pregnancy complication is characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, most often the liver and kidneys. Preeclampsia usually begins after 20 weeks of…
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July 25, 2022

Premature delivery

A birth that occurs before the 37th week of pregnancy. A pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks. Complications associated with preterm birth include immature lungs, difficulty regulating body temperature, poor…
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July 25, 2022

Presumption of innocence

The presumption of innocence establishes that everyone must be treated as innocent until a court declares otherwise. In El Salvador, this right is enshrined in article 12 of the Political…
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July 25, 2022

Spontaneous abortion *

It is a natural event in which the woman loses her pregnancy unexpectedly. About 50% of fertilized eggs spontaneously abort, almost always before the woman realizes she is pregnant. In…
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July 25, 2022

Untimely Childbirth

Untimely childbirth is one that occurs completely spontaneously and without prior planning. It is considered an obstetric emergency due to the maternal-fetal complications that may occur.
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July 25, 2022